Fish and other aquatic species, as well as wetland habitats, are a finite resource and require protection or regulation if future generations are to enjoy them.
Some species are particularly vulnerable to exploitation and require more strict regulation or protection. Research determines the extent of protection required.
For some species, only one gender is protected (e.g. female blue swimmer crabs); for others only egg-bearing (berried) females are protected, while other species are totally protected.
Some species are identified as no-take species for similar reasons as above or because they may pose a risk to people eating them.
The following species are protected throughout Queensland and are therefore prohibited from being in anyone's possession without a permit. If accidentally caught, these species must be immediately and carefully returned to the water.
- barramundi cod
- humphead Maori wrasse
- potato cod
- Queensland groper
- red bass
- female mud crabs
- female blue swimmer crabs
- egg-bearing spanner crabs
- egg-bearing bugs
- egg-bearing and tar-spot tropical rocklobsters
- other egg-bearing sea bugs, slipper lobsters and crayfish
- narrow sawfish
- dwarf sawfish
- freshwater sawfish
- green sawfish
- great white sharks
- grey nurse sharks
- speartooth sharks
- helmet, trumpet and clam shells; regulated by species. All of these large and vulnerable shells are totally protected. Clams in the family Tridacnidae are protected due to their vulnerability, especially to collection as a food for the South-East Asian market. Some species of giant clams are now cultured for this market, and smaller species are cultured for the aquarium trade.
Other protected species
There are other species of fish and marine animals protected under the Nature Conservation Act 1992. These include whales, porpoises, dugongs, turtles, dolphins, and the following freshwater fish - Elizabeth Springs goby, Edgbaston goby, Oxleyan pygmy perch, red-finned blue-eye and honey blue-eye.
For more information on animals protected under the Nature Conservation Act contact the Department of Environment and Heritage Protection.