A-Z list of emergency plant pests and diseases

Help protect Queensland - report suspicious pests and diseases

Common name Scientific name Organism Affects Biosecurity program * Emerging/ exotic/ notifiable
African citrus psyllid Trioza erytreae Insect All cultivars of Citrus. Murraya (native and ornamental forms of mock orange or orange jasmine) and a range of ornamentals. Surveillance Exotic
Angular Leaf SpotXanthomonas fragariaBacterial plant pathogenAll varieties of cultivated and some wild strawberry plants Fragaria sp.SurveillanceNotifiable
Ash whitefly Siphoninus phillyreae Insect Ornamentals and fruit crops Surveillance Emerging
Asiatic citrus psyllid Diaphorina citri Insect All cultivars of Citrus. Murraya (native and ornamental forms of mock orange or orange jasmine) and Bergera koenigii (curry leaf). Also a range of ornamentals. Surveillance Exotic
Banana freckle Phyllosticta musarum and Guignardia musae Fungus

Severe infection results in yellowing of the leaf, which withers and dies.

Surveillance Exotic

Black Sigatoka

Mycosphaerella fijiensis Fungus Bananas Surveillance Exotic
Branched broomrape Orobanche ramosa Parasitic weed Broadleaf crops, broadleaf weeds, native plants Surveillance Exotic
Bunchy top Banana bunchy top virus Virus Bananas Surveillance Emerging, notifiable
Citrus canker Xanthomonas axonopodis Bacteria Citrus Surveillance Exotic, notifiable
Citrus fruit borer Citripestis sagittiferella Insect Citrus and other plants in the Rutaceae Surveillance Exotic
Citrus greening(Huanglongbing) Candidatus liberobacter spp. Bacteria Citrus Surveillance Exotic, notifiable
Citrus powderymildew Oidium tingitaninum and O. citri Fungus Citrus Surveillance Exotic
Citrus scab Elsinoe australis Fungus Citrus Surveillance Exotic
Citrus tristeza virus Citrus tristeza closterovirus (CTV): mandarin stem pitting strains Virus Citrus Surveillance Exotic
Cocoa pod borer Conopomorpha cramerella Insect of the family Gracillariidae Cocoa, rambutan and longan Plant Biosecurity and Product Integrity Emerging
Electric ants Wasmannia auropunctata Ant Environment Eradication and control Exotic, notifiable
European house borer Hylotrupes Insect Seasoned pine timber Surveillance Exotic
Fire ants Solenopsis invicta Ant Environment Eradication and control Exotic, notifiable
Fusarium head blight Caused by Fusarium species In wheat mainly Fusarium graminearum and F. pseudogram-inearum Wheat and barley No No; endemic and sporadic
Fusarium stalk rot Caused by Fusarium species Mainly Fusarium thapsinum and F. andyaze Sorghum No No; endemic and common
Giant African snail Achatina fulica Gastropod Environment Surveillance Exotic
Grape phylloxera Daktulosphaira vitifoliae Insect Grapes Surveillance Exotic, notifiable
Grapevine leaf rust Phakopsora euvitis Fungus Grapes Surveillance Exotic, notifiable
Mal secco Phoma tracheiphila Fungus Citrus Surveillance Exotic
Mango leaf gall midge Prontarinia spp. Insect Mangoes Surveillance Emerging
Mango leafhopper Idioscopus nitidulus and I. clypealis Insect Mangoes Surveillance Exotic, notifiable
Mango malformation disease Fusarium mangiferae and other Fusarium spp. Fungus Mangoes Surveillance Exotic
Mango stem miner Spulerina isonoma Insect Mangoes Surveillance Emerging
Mango weevil Sternochetus frigidus Insect Mangoes Surveillance Exotic, notifiable
Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata Insect Fruit and vegetables, esp. stone fruit Surveillance Exotic
Melon fly Bactrocera cucurbitae Insect Fruit and vegetables, esp. cucurbits and beans Surveillance Exotic, notifiable
Melon thrips Thrips palmi Insect Fruit and vegetables Surveillance Emerging
Myrtle rust Puccinia psidii Fungus Complete host range not known; however, it has been identified on Melaleuca, Syzygium and Eugenia sp. Surveillance Emerging
Navel orangeworm Amyelois transitella Insect Citrus, English walnuts, pistachio, almonds and grapes Surveillance Exotic
Panama disease Fusarium oxysprorum f. sp. cubense Fungus Bananas Surveillance Exotic, notifiable
Papaya fruit fly Bactrocera papayae Insect Fruit and vegetables Surveillance Exotic, notifiable
Papaya ringspot Virus type P (PRSV-P) Virus Papaya and cucurbits Control Emerging
Pierce's disease and glassy winged sharpshooter Xylella fastidiosa Bacteria Grapes Surveillance Exotic, notifiable
Plum pox (sharka) - Virus Stonefruit Surveillance Exotic, notifiable
Potato cyst nematode Globodera rostochiensis (Wall.) Skarbilovich Nematode Potato plants and other members of the solanaceous plant family Surveillance Emerging, notifiable
Red banded mango caterpillar Deanolis sublimbalis Insect Mangoes Surveillance and control Exotic, notifiable
Silverleaf whitefly Bemisia tabaci biotype B Insect Range of ornamental and crop plants Surveillance Emerging
South African citrus thrips Scirtothrips aurantii Insect Ornamental and fruit crops, esp. citrus Surveillance Emerging, notifiable
Southern red mite Oligonychus ilicus Insect Range Surveillance Exotic
Spiralling whitefly Aleurodicus dispersus Insect Range Surveillance Emerging
Thrips and topovirus Thysanoptera : Thripidae Insect Vegetables and fruit Plant health pest and disease Emerging
Vegetable leafminer Liriomyza sativae Insect Common horticultural crops and ornamental plant species, esp. tomatoes, pumpkins and beans Surveillance Emerging
Yellow crazy ant Anoplolepis gracilipes Ant Environment Eradication and control Exotic

* Notifiable pests

Some pests are of such concern that you are legally required to report sightings to the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF). For a full list of notifiable pests, see Schedule 2 Notifiable pests in the Plant Protection Regulation 2002 on the Queensland Government's legislation website.

* Exotic pests

Exotic plant, pests and diseases are either not present in Australia, or are present but not established and are under an official containment and/or eradication program.

* Emerging pests

Emerging plant, pests and diseases are present in Queensland but their presence is being monitored.

Last updated 23 October 2013